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Gordon Granger
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Military Personnel
    (November 6, 1821-January 10, 1876)
    Born in Wayne County, New York
    U.S. Army officer
    Union general during the American Civil War
    Fought in the Battle of Chickamauga (1863)
    Proclaimed all slaves in Texas free
    Announced federal orders in Galveston, Texas, on June 19, 1865 (Juneteenth)
    As part of his proclamation, he also granted Confederate soldiers parole.
    He counseled free blacks from congregation in public places or seeking welfare assistance, encouraging them to go into sharecropping instead (essentially a form of wage slavery).
    He had abrasive streak, sometimes verging on insubordinate.
    His hot temper discouraged Ulysses S. Grant from giving him an independent command until after the Civil War's conclusion.
    He was a West Point graduate.
    He fought with distinction in the Mexican-American War.
    His counterattack in the Battle of Chickamauga saved the Union forces from a disastrous loss.
    He took part in lifting the siege at Knoxville, Tennessee and later assisted in the Battle of Fort Blakeley, which led to the fall of the city of Mobile, Alabama.
    His Texas proclamation formed the basis for the annual Juneteenth festivities, which celebrate official end of slavery (two years after the Emancipation Proclamation was signed).
    His most important assignment after leaving Texas was to command the District of New Mexico.

Credit: BoyWiththeGreenHair

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